Brazil
Restrictive Requirements for Imports

NAME(S) OF REGULATION AND/OR STANDARD (with links):

The legal framework for organic foods in Brazil may be found under Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento (MAPA):
Instrucao Normativa n° 7, May 17, 1999;
Lei n° 10.831, December 23, 2003; (in Portuguese)
Decreto n° 6323 of December 27, 2007;  (.pdf in English) and
Instrucao Normativa n° 16 of June 11, 2004.

Legislation for rules for organic cotton products can be found in Instrução Normativa nº 23 (in Portuguese), published in the Diário Oficial da União - Seção 1, June 2, 2011, page 30.

Brazilian Organic Laws as of November 2012:

Decree No. 6,913 - 2009
Phytosanitary Products with Approved Use for Organic Agriculture (.pdf in English)
 
Joint Normative Instruction No. 1 - 2011
Phytosanitary Products Approved for use in Organic Agriculture (.pdf in English)
 
Joint Normative Instruction  No. 2 - 2011
Reference Specifications of Phytosanitary Products Approved for Use in Organic
Agriculture (.pdf in English)
 
Joint Normative Instruction MAPA-MMA  No. 17 - 2009
Products from Organic Sustainable Extractivism (.pdf in English)
 
Joint Normative Instruction MAPA-MS  No. 18 - 2009
Processing, Storage and Transport of Organic Products (.pdf in English)
 
Interministerial Normative Instruction MAPA-MS No. 24 - 2011
Food Additives in  Plant and Animal Origin Organic Products Processing (.pdf in English)
 
Interministerial Normative Instruction MAPA-MPA No. 28 - 2011
Organic Aquaculture Production Systems (.pdf in English) 
 
Normative Instruction No. 19 - 2009
Organic Quality Control and Information Mechanisms (.pdf in English)
 
Normative Instruction No. 23 - 2011
Technical Regulation for Organic Textiles Derived from Cotton (.pdf in English)
 
Normative Instruction No. 37,  2011  
Edible Mushroom Production in Organic Production Systems (.pdf in English)
 
Normative Instruction No. 38 - 2011  
Seed and Seedling Production in Organic Production Systems (.pdf in English)
 
Normative Instruction No. 46 - 2011
Organic Systems of Animal and Plant Production (.pdf in English)
 
Normative Instruction No. 50 - 2009  
Official Seal of the Brazilian Organic Conformity Assessment (.pdf in English)
 
Normative Instruction No. 54 - 2008  
Structure, Composition and Responsibilities of the Organic Production Commissions (.pdf in English)

AUTHORIZED GOVERNMENT AGENCY(S):

Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento

AGENCY(S) CONTACT INFORMATION:

Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento (MAPA)

Address: Esplanada dos Ministérios Bloco D - Anexo B -Térreo Caixa Postal 02432 CR-MAPA,
CEP: 70043-900, Brasília - DF
Telephone: 0800 704 1995
Fax: (+55) 0XX61 3218-2401
Web
Organic Agriculture Portal

DATE OF IMPLEMENTATION: 2003

DATE OF REVISIONS: 2011

REGULATION AND/OR STANDARD SCOPE:

The regulations contain the standards for production, classification, processing, packaging, importation, distribution, identification, and certification of the quality of organic products, of both animal and plant origin.

The decree allows family farmers to make direct sales to consumers provided they have a registration with the regulatory body. In the event of a direct sale, no certification is needed = Participatory Guarantee System (PGS). Textile products from organic cotton were added in June 2011.

IMPORTED PRODUCTS:

The system of evaluation of organic products' conformity changed January 1, 2011. From this date, all organic products sold in Brazil, including those imported, must be certified by an organization registered at the Federal Agency INMETRO (Accreditation Body approved by the Brazilian government) and the Ministry of Agriculture (MAPA). All operators interested in exporting to the Brazilian market should therefore ensure that as of the 1st of January 2011 their Certification Body has received this registration both at the INMETRO agency and at the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture.

CERTIFICATION: Mandatory

Only organic products that will be sold directly to the consumer (for family farmers inserted into a social control process) will not need third-party certification (participatory certification is applied).

Here is a list of certification agencies accredited in Brazil:
Institute of Technology of Paraná (TECPAR)
IBD Certifications
ECOCERT Brazil
IMO Control in Brazil
Agricontrol LTDA (OIA)

ACCREDITATION: GOVERNMENT

INMETRO - Instituto Nacional de Metrologia, Normalização e Qualidade Industrial
INMETRO Overview
Accreditation information

REFERENCE STANDARDS:

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: