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Qualitative Analysis

Qualitative Analysis

General Economics And Demographic Landscape

Economy:

  • The economy of the Dominican Republic is expected to record a GDP growth of 4.7% in 2020, post gains of 4.9% in 2019. The economic slowdown in the US, which is the principal source of remittances, tourist arrivals and exports, is limiting the economic performance of the country.
  • Unemployment was recorded at 12.7% in 2019 and is expected to fall to 12.6% in 2020. Underemployment is a serious problem as a large portion of the jobs created have been in low-skilled and lower productivity industries in the informal sector, which accounts for about 50.0% of the workforce.
  • In the medium-term, the economy is expected to moderate to around its potential growth rate. Growth of real GDP is expected to be 4.4% in 2021 and reach around 5.0% per year until 2027.
     

 Population demographics:

  • The population of the Dominican Republic totalled 10.7 million in 2019, increasing by 2.2 million since 2000. The median age in 2019 was 27.6 years, 5.1 years greater than in 2000.
  • Fertility had fallen from 4.4 births per female in 1980 to 2.3 in 2019. However, the current figure still exceeds the replacement level, and fertility will be 2.1 births per female in 2030. Steady gains in the number of women of childbearing age (15 to 49 years) ensure that the population growth will continue even while fertility declines.
     

Income & expenditure:

  • The savings ratio of the Dominican Republic was 11.8% of disposable income in 2019, with the indicator expected to dip to 11.7% in 2020.
  • Consumer expenditure per capita amounted to US$6,146 in 2019, with the indicator expected to grow by 3.2% in 2020. Transport and communications are expected to be the sectors with the highest consumer expenditure for the period 2019-2030, supported by a growing middle class.
  • Disposable income per capita was US$6,323 in 2019, with the indicator expected to grow by 3.1% in real terms. For the period 2020-2030, total disposable income is expected to increase by 59.2%, averaging a rate of 4.8% annually.
Data

Data

Organic Packaged Food And Beverage Data

Data type

Unit

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

2021

2022

CAGR
(16-19)

CAGR
(20-22)

Health & wellness products consumption

USD million

14.1

14.4

14.6

15.0

15.5

15.9

16.3

2.1%

2.5%

Organic packaged food and beverages consumption

USD million

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

26.0%

0.0%

Organic packaged food consumption

USD million

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

-

-

Organic beverages consumption

USD million

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

26.0%

0.0%

Organic packaged food and beverages consumption as a % of total health & wellness products consumption

%

0.7%

1.4%

1.4%

1.3%

1.3%

1.3%

1.2%

-

-

Economic And Demographic Data

Data type

Unit

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

2021

2022

Total population

million

10.4

10.5

10.6

10.7

10.8

11.0

11.1

% Middle and upper class of total population

%

25.4

25.3

25.1

25.1

25.0

25.0

25.0

% Population aged 65+

%

6.7%

6.9%

7.1%

7.3%

7.5%

7.8%

8.0%

% Population aged 0-14

%

28.5%

28.2%

28.0%

27.7%

27.4%

27.2%

26.9%

% Population with higher education degrees

%

23.8

24.1

24.5

24.7

24.9

25.2

25.3

Average number of children per household

children

1.1

1.1

1.1

1.1

1.1

1.0

1.0

GDP per capita

USD per capita

6,545.1

7,058.7

7,778.4

8,277.2

8,561.5

8,852.8

9,182.8

Consumer expenditure per capita (US$)

USD per capita

5,097.3

5,417.5

5,868.9

6,189.5

6,376.4

6,588.6

6,812.3

Consumer expenditure per capita on food and non-alcoholic beverages (US$)

USD per capita

1,366.2

1,453.1

1,574.6

1,659.4

1,708.1

1,763.8

1,824.6

Retailer And City Data

Top 5 Cities By Population

Data category

Rank

City/retailer

Population
(millions)

Top cities by population (2019)

1

Santo Domingo

4.2

Top cities by population (2019)

2

Santiago

0.8

Top cities by population (2019)

3

Higüey

0.4

Top cities by population (2019)

4

La Romana

0.3

Top cities by population (2019)

5

San Francisco de Macorís

0.2

Top 5 Grocery Retailers By Sales

Data category

Rank

City/retailer

Top grocery retailers by sales (2019)

1

Ramos Business Group (Grupo Ramos)

Top grocery retailers by sales (2019)

2

Centro Cuesta Nacional

Top grocery retailers by sales (2019)

3

Grupo Lama CxA

Top grocery retailers by sales (2019)

4

Almacenes Iberia CxA

Top grocery retailers by sales (2019)

5

Hipermercado Olé SA

United States Department Of Agriculture Global Agricultural Trade System Data

Top 5 Export Commodities To Dominican Republic

Year

Country

Rank of
Product/Commodity

Product/Commodity

Export Value (US$)

2019

Dominican Republic

1

Organic Lettuce Not Head Fr/Ch

4,425,985

2019

Dominican Republic

2

Organic Apples Fresh

1,157,557

2019

Dominican Republic

3

Organic Peas Fr/Ch

175,323

2019

Dominican Republic

4

Organic Vinegar and Substitutes

122,730

2019

Dominican Republic

5

Organic Vegetables Prep/NT FZ

96,172

2019

Dominican Republic

Total

Total Organics*

6,216,305

2018

Dominican Republic

1

Organic Lettuce Not Head Fr/Ch

1,840,771

2018

Dominican Republic

2

Organic Apples Fresh

1,446,806

2018

Dominican Republic

3

Organic Cherry Tomato Fr/Ch

440,192

2018

Dominican Republic

4

Organic Vinegar and Substitutes

160,695

2018

Dominican Republic

5

Organic Milk

152,600

2018

Dominican Republic

Total

Total Organics*

4,594,792

2017

Dominican Republic

1

Organic Apples Fresh

1,438,872

2017

Dominican Republic

2

Organic Lettuce Not Head Fr/Ch

1,176,448

2017

Dominican Republic

3

Organic Milk

464,060

2017

Dominican Republic

4

Organic Grapes Fresh

400,991

2017

Dominican Republic

5

Organic Pears Fresh

141,057

2017

Dominican Republic

Total

Total Organics*

4,086,344

2016

Dominican Republic

1

Organic Milk

687,840

2016

Dominican Republic

2

Organic Apples Fresh

199,350

2016

Dominican Republic

3

Organic Grapes Fresh

57,195

2016

Dominican Republic

4

Organic Potatoes Fr/Ch Xsd Oth

37,242

2016

Dominican Republic

5

Organic Lettuce Not Head Fr/Ch

32,599

2016

Dominican Republic

Total

Total Organics*

1,131,591

Note : Total organics is the sum of all exports in a particular year 
Definitions

Definitions

Term

Definition

Health and Wellness

Health and wellness is the aggregation of organic packaged food and beverages, fortified/functional packaged food and beverages, naturally healthy packaged food and beverages, better for you packaged food and beverages and food intolerance products.

Organic packaged foods and beverages

This category includes packaged food & beverages that are certified organic by an approved certification body. Organic production is based on:

• A system of farming that maintains and replenishes soil fertility without the use of toxic and persistent pesticides and fertilizers.
• Organic food & beverages are minimally processed without artificial ingredients, preservatives or irradiation.
• The use of GMOs (Genetically Modified Organism) is prohibited. “Certified Organic” means the item has been grown according to strict uniform standards that are verified by independent state or private organizations.
• Depending on the country, such products are called ‘organic’, ‘biological’ or ‘ecological’: For organic products to be included under Euromonitor definitions, the organic aspect needs to form part of positioning/marketing of the product. This is an aggregation of organic baby food, bakery, confectionery, dairy, ice cream, oils and fats, ready meals, rice, sauces, dressings and condiments, snack bars, soups, spreads, sweet and savory snacks and other organic food.

Note that fresh food products or individual ingredients are not included in this definition.

Compound annual growth rate (CAGR)

The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is the average annual growth rate over a specified period of time. For instance, the CAGR consumption of from 2016 – 2019 will be the average growth rates across these three years.

USDA GATS data clarification

The data presented in table 2.4 represents the dollar values of the top 5 organic commodities as well as of the total organic exports of the trade partner for the period 2016-2019 as per the United States Department of Agriculture’s Global Agricultural Trade System, a database consisting of international agricultural, fish, forest and textile products trade statistics dating from the inception of the Harmonized coding system in 1989 to present.

Policy Information

Policy Information

Government Agency(s) / Competent Authority

Authorized Government Agency(s):

Ministry of Agriculture
Departamento de Agricultura Orgánica (DAO) (Department of Organic Agriculture)
Oficina Nacional de Control de Agricultura Orgánica (OCAO) (National Office for the Control of Organic Agriculture)
National Organic Agriculture Program (PRONAA)
National Organic Farming Council (CONAO)
Dominican Centre for Export Promotion (CEDOPEX)

Agency(s) Contact Information:

Bureau of Organic Agriculture (OCAO)
Minister of Agriculture
Santo Domingo, D. N.
Phone: 809 547-3888 Ext.4120
Email: oficinacontrolorganico@agricultura.gob.do

Ing. Agron. Jose Zapata Gómez
Director of the Bureau of Organic Agriculture
Phone: 829-931-6384
Email: jose.zapata@agricultura.gob.do
Web

Organic Regulations and/or Standards

Name(s) of Regulation and/or Standard:

Resolution N. 08/2005 – creation of the National Organic Agriculture Program (PRONAA) and Competent Authority
 
Current publications, including the Control System for Organic Agriculture of the Dominican Republic and registration forms for producers, processors, marketers and inspectors, can be downloaded from the Ministry of Agriculture.

Date of Implementation: 2003

Regulation and/or Standard Scope:

Regulates the production, processing, packaging, labeling, storage, transport, marketing, export and import of products bearing or intended to bear indications referring to organic farming system

Imported Products

Imported products must have an import permit, description of goods, and organic certification documents. Organic imports need a certificate issued by the control authority from a country whose standards are equivalent. Importers are required to cooperate concerning inspection, and store products in ways that prevent tampering.

Certification and Accreditation

Certification:

The Department for Organic Agriculture has not yet approved certification bodies
Dependent on foreign certifiers

Accreditation:

Dominican Republic Competent Authority assesses, records, and monitors the activities of certification bodies for organic agriculture. The Competent Authority is attached to the National Organic Agriculture Program (PRONAA), but has full operational independence in implementing the control system of Organic Agriculture in the Dominican Republic.

Additional Information

Reference Standards:

Costa Rica, Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, plus Panama and the Dominican Republic are benchmarking their standards to a regional organic standard - the Central America Regional Standard. August 2016 these regional standards were put before the World Trade Organization for comment.

Additional Information:

USDA's GAIN Report Exporter Guide (2019)
USDA's GAIN Report Dominican Republic Food Processing Ingredients (2020)
USDA's GAIN Report Food Service - Hotel Restaurant Institutional (2019)
USDA's GAIN Report Dominican Republic Retail Foods (2019) 
USDA's GAIN Report Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards Country Report (2019)
USDA's GAIN Report Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards Export Certificate Report (2019)