Open to Imports

QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS

Quick Facts

  • The Dominican Republic is one of the faster growing economies in the Caribbean region, driven mainly by steady gains in private final consumption, a well-developed tourism sector and strong inflows of foreign direct investment.
  • The country’s population totaled 10.8 million in 2017, and with a fertility rate above replacement level, should continue to grow through 2030.

General Economic & Demographic Landscape

Economy:

  • Real GDP grew by 3.4% in 2017 and should grow by about 5.0% per year through the middle of the next decade, driven by investment in energy, infrastructure and tourism. Key risks are any changes in US trade policies and the possibility of significant oil price increases.
  • The country’s long-standing problems in the electricity sector must be addressed to improve growth prospects. Help should come from the Corporate of Electric State Enterprise, which plans in invest US$780 million of the next several years with the aim of doubling energy generation from renewable resources.
  • The Dominican Republic has not yet managed to reduce poverty significantly, nor has it had much success in bolstering the middle class, due to a combination of factors, including a growth pattern that has created a series of “enclaves” in free zones with weak linkages to the rest of the economy. The country also lags behind most other countries in the region in terms of education quality.
  • The Dominican Republic is the favorite country for foreign investors in the Caribbean region. However, the country’s competitiveness is adversely affected by the poor quality of its infrastructure.

Population demographics:

  • The population totaled 10.8 million in 2017. Although a modest aging process is underway, the number of people under 20 years old will still make up a significant portion of the total population in the medium term.
  • The fertility rate has fallen in recent years, but it remains above replacement level and is projected to be 2.0 births per female in 2030. Steady gains in the number of women of childbearing age ensure that population growth will continue in coming years.

Income & expenditure:

  • Consumer expenditure per capita amounted to Do$250,941 (US$5,285) in 2017. Communications and transport are expected to be two of the fastest-growing expenditure categories in the 2017-2030 period, supported by growth of the middle class.
  • For the 2017-2030 period, total consumer expenditure will grow at an average annual rate of 4.9% in real terms.
  • Poverty soared to almost 50% in 2004 following the 2003 financial and economic crisis. However, the poverty rate has gradually declined since then, dipping to less than 36% in 2014. The poorest half of the population receives less than one-fifth of GDP, while the richest 10% enjoys nearly 40% of GDP.

QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS

Organic packaged food & beverage data

Data type

Unit

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

CAGR
(14-17)

CAGR
(17-20)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Health & wellness products consumption

USD million

          15.5

          15.9

          16.6

          17.1

          17.6

          18.1

          18.5

3.3%

2.7%

Organic packaged food and beverages consumption

USD million

            0.1

            0.1

            0.1

            0.1

            0.1

            0.2

            0.2

0.0%

26.0%

Organic packaged food consumption

USD million

              -  

              -  

              -  

              -  

              -  

              -  

              -  

 

 

Organic beverages consumption

USD million

            0.1

            0.1

            0.1

            0.1

            0.1

            0.1

            0.2

0.0%

26.0%

Organic packaged food and beverages consumption as a % of total health & wellness products consumption

%

            0.0

            0.0

            0.0

            0.0

            0.0

            0.0

            0.0

-

-

Economic & demographic data

Data type

Unit

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total population

million

          10.4

          10.5

          10.6

          10.8

          10.9

          11.0

          11.1

% Middle and upper class of total population

%

            0.2

            0.2

            0.2

            0.2

            0.2

            0.2

            0.2

% Population aged 65+

%

            0.1

            0.1

            0.1

            0.1

            0.1

            0.1

            0.1

% Population aged 0-14

%

            0.3

            0.3

            0.3

            0.3

            0.3

            0.3

            0.3

% Population with higher education degrees

%

            0.1

            0.1

            0.1

            0.1

            0.1

            0.1

            0.2

Average number of children per household

children

            1.2

            1.2

            1.2

            1.1

            1.1

            1.1

            1.1

GDP per capita

USD per capita

     5,750.0

     6,137.0

     6,523.1

     6,916.0

     7,117.6

     7,317.7

     7,604.3

Consumer expenditure per capita (US$)

USD per capita

     4,486.5

     4,751.7

     5,023.0

     5,284.7

     5,388.1

     5,504.4

     5,682.6

Consumer expenditure per capita on food and non-alcoholic beverages (US$)

USD per capita

     1,202.7

     1,272.8

     1,346.3

     1,417.4

     1,445.6

     1,475.7

     1,521.3

Retailer & City Data

Data category

Rank

City/retailer

Population
(mns)

 

 

 

 

Top cities by population (2017)

1

Santo Domingo

             4.0

Top cities by population (2017)

2

Santiago

             0.8

Top cities by population (2017)

3

Higüey

             0.3

Top cities by population (2017)

4

La Romana

             0.3

Top cities by population (2017)

5

San Francisco de Macorís

             0.2

Top grocery retailers by sales (2017)

1

Multicentro La Sirena

 -

Top grocery retailers by sales (2017)

2

Jumbo

 -

Top grocery retailers by sales (2017)

3

Hipermercado Plaza Lama

 -

Top grocery retailers by sales (2017)

4

Supermercados Nacional

 -

Top grocery retailers by sales (2017)

5

Almacenes Iberia

 -

USDA GATS data

Rank

2017

2016

2015

2014

  Export Value (US$, thousands)

1

Apples

1,388.0

Apples

199.0

Grapes

118.0

Coffee Roast

51.0

2

Grapes

401.0

Grapes

57.0

Pears

112.0

Apples

44.0

3

Potatoes

35.0

Lettuce

33.0

Potatoes

93.0

Grapes

30.0

4

Pears

141.0

Tomato Sauce

Lettuce

47.0

Pears

29.0

5

Lettuce

1,123.0

Pears

Apples

22.0

Potatoes

15.0

Total

4,158.0

1,131.0

435.0

214.0

Policy Information

Government Agency(s)/Competent Authority

Authorized Government Agency(s): 

Ministry of Agriculture
Departamento de Agricultura Orgánica (DAO) (Department of Organic Agriculture)
Oficina Nacional de Control de Agricultura Orgánica (OCAO) (National Office for the Control of Organic Agriculture)
National Organic Agriculture Program (PRONAA)
National Organic Farming Council (CONAO)
Dominican Centre for Export Promotion (CEDOPEX)

Agency(s) Contact Information: 

Bureau of Organic Agriculture (OCAO)
Minister of Agriculture
Santo Domingo, D. N.
Phone: 809 547-3888 Ext.4120
Email: oficinacontrolorganico@agricultura.gob.do

Ing. Agron. Jose Zapata Gómez
Director of the Bureau of Organic Agriculture
Phone: 829-931-6384
Email: jose.zapata@agricultura.gob.do
Web

Organic Regulations and/or Standards

Name(s) of Regulation and/or Standard: 

Resolution N. 08/2005 – creation of the National Organic Agriculture Program (PRONAA) and Competent Authority
 
Current publications, including the Control System for Organic Agriculture of the Dominican Republic and registration forms for producers, processors, marketers and inspectors, can be downloaded from the Ministry of Agriculture.

Date of Implementation: 

2003

Regulation and/or Standard Scope: 

Regulates the production, processing, packaging, labeling, storage, transport, marketing, export and import of products bearing or intended to bear indications referring to organic farming system

Imported Products Requirements

Imported Products: 

Imported products must have an import permit, description of goods, and organic certification documents. Organic imports need a certificate issued by the control authority from a country whose standards are equivalent. Importers are required to cooperate concerning inspection, and store products in ways that prevent tampering.

Certification and Accreditation

Certification: 

The Department for Organic Agriculture has not yet approved certification bodies
Dependent on foreign certifiers

Accreditation: 

Dominican Republic Competent Authority assesses, records, and monitors the activities of certification bodies for organic agriculture. The Competent Authority is attached to the National Organic Agriculture Program (PRONAA), but has full operational independence in implementing the control system of Organic Agriculture in the Dominican Republic.

Additional Information

Reference Standards: 

Costa Rica, Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, plus Panama and the Dominican Republic are benchmarking their standards to a regional organic standard - the Central America Regional Standard. August 2016 these regional standards were put before the World Trade Organization for comment.

Additional Information: 

USDA's GAIN Report Dominican Republic Retail Foods (2017) 
USDA's GAIN Report Exporter Guide (2017)

Definitions

Review definitions of terminology included in this website.