The new Arid Institute of Organic Agriculture, which resulted from a memorandum of understanding between Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, The Thünen-Institute, Germany, and Pakistan Organic Association, will develop and implement a National Organic Agriculture program, including laws regulations and labeling.
The United States Agency for International Development and Olam Food Ingredients are working together to invest $8.1 million to help 1000 of Peru’s small farms to shift to organic coffee production, increase production, and improve quality.
China plans to plant about 660,000 acres, or less than 1% of its corn fields with genetically modified corn this year. The move is a departure from previous policy which rarely allowed cultivation of GMO food crops.
New Zealand will restrict sales of a wide range of plastic products, including non-compostable produce stickers. Beginning in 2023, produce stickers for fruit and vegetables produced in New Zealand must be compostable by 2023, while imported produce will need to have compostable stickers by mid-2025.
Australia updated its National Standard for Organic and
Bio-Dynamic Produce. Edition 3.8, in effect January 1 , 2023, incorporates changes on:
semen sexing in livestock intended for milk production
Sodium Hydroxide used as a pH adjuster for Cosmetics and Skincare
Wine Production (and applicable appendices).
Edition 3.8 also has edits relating to administration changes, Machinery of Government changes, and structure changes for readability and access purposes.
As a result of a lawsuit brought by small-scale farmers, Kenya’s High Court has temporarily suspended the government’s decision to allow import and cultivation of genetically modified corn. The farmers assert that the decision was rushed, did not address health concerns, and threatens the tradition of saving seeds.
India’s Ministry of Agriculture reported that at the beginning of 2022, India had 30934 clusters and 619,000 hectares of organic agriculture, which increased to 32384 clusters and an area of 653,000 hectares throughout the year. Organic farming on both sides of the Ganges River are helping control water pollution and are boosting farmer income.
The World Wildlife Fund Italy, Rainforest Connection and Huawei Italy will continue a research project to compare the biodiversity of organically-managed areas with neighboring conventionally-managed areas. So far, the bioacoustic surveys have identified 49 species of birds and mammals and generated 2000 real-time alerts of potentially illegal activities, such as poaching, dirt bikes and logging.
To combat soil degradation and water pollution, China’s Ministry of Agriculture wants farmers to use less pesticides and fertilizers, and has set a target for 55% of planted agricultural land to shift to green methods by 2025. Fruit, vegetable, and tea producers will reduce pesticide use by a tenth, and rice, wheat and corn producers will cut pesticide use by 5%.
A new Schedule B export code for organic dates and 12 new Harmonized Tariff Schedule organic-specific codes will go into effect January 1, 2023. Codes include:
HTS 0713.20.2090: Approved a breakout for certified organic chickpeas
Schedule B 0804.10.0000: Approved a stat line for exports of certified organic dates.
HTS 0804.10.2000: Approved a breakout for imports of certified organic dates packed in units weighing (with immediate container, if any) not more than 4.6 kg.
HTS 1006.20.2000: Approved a breakout for certified organic basmati rice.
HTS 1206.00.0061 and 1206.00.0069: Breakouts were approved for “Sunflower seeds, whether or not broken; Other than for use as oil stock; Other; For human use; In-shell; Certified organic” and for “Sunflower seeds, whether or not broken; Other than for use as oil stock; Other; For human use; Other than in-shell; Certified organic”
HTS 1207.40.0000: Approved breakout for certified organic sesame seeds.
HTS 1512.11.0020: Approved breakout for crude oil, certified organic sunflower-seed oil.
HTS 1512.19.0020: Approved breakout for other than crude oil certified organic sunflower-seed oil.
HTS 1702.30.4040: Approved breakout for certified organic glucose syrup.
HTS 1702.30.4080: Approved breakout for certified organic glucose.
HTS 1702.60.4020: Approved breakout for certified organic fructose syrup.
HTS 2304.00.0000: Approved breakout for certified organic “Oilcake and other solid residues, whether or not ground or in the form of pellets, resulting from the extraction of soybean oil.”
HTS 2923.20.2000: Approved doing a single breakout for “Certified organic lecithins.”
The Organic Trade Association advocated for the changes.
The Department of Agriculture in the Cordillera Administrative Region provided composting equipment to 11 organic farming groups to cut the cost of food production and encourage use of organic fertilizers. The kits included a shredder, compost tea brewers, and African night crawlers.
Over 1000 farmers, especially farmers in the Baltic region, have received training in organic agriculture practices through a program funded by the TaiwanBusiness-European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) Technical Cooperation Fund. Taiwanese grants through the TaiwanBusiness-EBRD Technical Cooperation Fund are directed towards sustainable resource management, intelligent transportation systems, the information technology-related knowledge economy, and advisory programs for smaller businesses.
Vietnam’s Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development will encourage the production of organic fertilizers from by-products of farming, aquaculture, agricultural product processing, and domestic waste, with the aim of using 25% organic fertilizers in the next three years. Using the fertilizers will help develop the production and use of organic products and contribute to sustainability.
The global organic wine market is expected to grow from US$8.6 billion in 2021 to US$21.1 billion by 2030, at a compound annual growth rate of 10.5% during the forecast period 2022-2030, according to a report from The Brainy Insights. Red organic wine represented about 55% of the market with a market value of around US$4.45 billion in 2021. With a market share of around 30.6% in 2021, Europe was the largest global organic wine market.
Brazil depends on international suppliers to meet its demand for food processing ingredients, especially specialty products with high added value. These products offer significant opportunities for U.S. companies to supply Brazilian food manufacturers looking to meet the needs of a growing health-conscious consumer market. Whey, milk albumin, casein, alternative proteins, flavorings, vegetable fats (including oils), and frozen fruits may hold particularly attractive growth potential for U.S. exporters.
In newly updated regulations from Japan’s Japan’s Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF), companies importing products to Japan must now assign a well-trained and knowledgable person to ensure the receipt, storage and packing of organic products maintains all organic requirements. In addition, the Organic Japanese Agriculture Standards (JAS) label on products must now meet specified size parameters and be attached on a conspicuous location on every organic product.
A coalition of Mexican lawmakers wants to phase out 183 chemicals used in pesticides by 2024. Mexico’s agrochemical manufacturers’ union estimates that if it were passed, such a ban would eliminate 60% of the pesticides currently registered in Mexico. The bill first needs to make it out of committees in the Mexican senate, and then pass a vote there and in the lower house.
After a series of unresolved noncompliances at the Texas Department of Agriculture (TDA), the National Organic Program issued a Notice of Noncompliance and Proposed Suspension in February for the TDA’s accreditation as an organic certifier. TDA’s appeal was rejected in August, but they continue to provide some organic certification services until the case is fully resolved. If the suspension moves forward, TDA would only be eligible to request reinstatement after it completes a one-year suspension of organic certification services. See the NOP’s August appeal decision.
The Canada Organic Trade Association recently published two reports on the organic markets in British Columbia and Ontario. The reports combine consumer research, sales figures and trade data to provide valuable insight into consumer behavior and preferences, market size and growth trends. For example, in British Columbia, 68% of grocery shoppers purchased organic groceries weekly in 2020, slightly above the national average of 64%.
Increased supply, organic farm transition support in nearby countries, and higher energy costs are leading to reduced sales for at least one Belgian farmer, despite an excellent harvest of organic apples and pears this season.