Name(s) of Regulation and/or Standard:
Food Safety and Standards (Organic Food) Regulation, 2017
National Standards for Organic Products (NSOP) under the National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP)
Indian Standards for Organic Textiles
Date of Implementation: 2000
Regulation and/or Standard Scope:
The National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP) covers crop production, animal husbandry, food processing, labeling and storage and transport of organic agriculture and products (including wild harvest, aquaculture, live stock products). Includes guidelines for certification of grower groups; IFOAM’s accreditation for food production and processing and wild crops is equivalent to NSOP. Certified organic products of any registered foreign programs will be considered for marketing along with the certified products of the accredited domestic programmes.
Textile standards cover the cultivation and production of organic fibres, and the manufacturing, processing, packaging, labelling and distribution of organic textiles, particularly of cotton and silk.
Highlights of the Nov. 9 2017 operationalization of India’s standards include:
No person shall manufacture, pack, sell, offer for sale, market, distribute, or import any organic food products unless they comply with the regulations;
Organic foods should comply with provisions from at least one of the following:
National Program for Organic Production (NPOP)
Participatory Guarantee System of India (PGS- India)
Other system or standards notified by the Food Authority
Organic food which is marketed through direct sales by the small original producer or producer organization shall be exempted from the provisions;
Organic labeling requirements should be accurate, in addition to the standard labeling requirements;
Traceability should be established up to the producer level;
All organic foods should comply with the Food Safety and Standards (Food Product Standards and Food Additives) Regulation 2011, and the Food Safety and Standards (Contaminants,Toxins, and Residues), Regulations, 2011;
Sellers of organic foods will be required to display organic food items in a distinguishable manner from conventional food items
Organic food imports under bilateral or multilateral agreements on the basis of the equivalence of standards between NPOP and the organic standards of the exporting countries shall not be required to re-certify on import;
All organic food consignments should be accompanied by a Transaction Certification (TC) issued by an accredited certification body covered under the terms of equivalence agreement.
Effective July 1, 2018, Food Business Operators in India are required to follow the Food Safety and Standards (Organic Foods) Regulations, 2017, which mandates the use of a Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) organic logo on the primary label of all certified organic products entering India. On August 21, 2018, FSSAI issued an order announcing that use of a non-detachable sticker to display FSSAI’s organic logo would be permissible until December 31, 2018.
All provisions of organic regulations came into force January 1, 2019. In order to be authorized to use the India Organic Seal, producers or processors must be certified by an independent third-party certification organization. Products for export from India must be accompanied by a Transaction Certificate issued by a Certification Body accredited by National Accreditation Body (NAB) for Organic Products under the National Programme for Organic Production.
Download a list of accredited certification and inspection agencies
The National Accreditation Body (NAB) accredits certifying agents who inspect organic production and handling operations to insure that they meet the NPOP. India accreditation (APEDA) is recognized by USDA
Organic Exports from India to the USA:
Effective January 11, 2021, the U.S. will no longer maintain an Organic Recognition Agreement with India, established in 2006. This decision starts a transition period which will allow organic operations certified by APEDA-accredited certifiers to apply for direct certification by USDA-accredited certifiers to the USDA organic standards.
Here’s how the transition will work:
- By July 12, 2021, to continue to export to the United States, current organic operations in India will need to have applied for certification with a USDA-accredited organic certifier
- By mid-March 2021, USDA certifiers will be able to list these organic operation applicants in India in the Organic Integrity Database, to help U.S. buyers verify that a farm or business in India has applied for NOP certification.
- After July 12, 2022, USDA organic certification by a USDA-accredited certifier will be required to import organic products from India to the United States.
- APEDA-accredited certifiers may apply to NOP for direct accreditation to the USDA organic program at any time.
- Organic certifiers and operations in India are responsible for ensuring compliance to any additional Government of India export requirements, including TraceNet reporting and documentation.
If you are an organic business buying from an Indian organic supplier, communicate with those suppliers about the need to apply for certification to a USDA-accredited certifier by July 12, 2021, to continue their business with you. After July 12, to continue accepting products from those suppliers, you will need to use the Organic Integrity Database to verify that any organic supplier is already certified or has applied for organic certification with a USDA-accredited certifier.