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Policy Information

Policy Information

Government Agency(s) / Competent Authority

Authorized Government Agency(s):

Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Economy (MAFWE)

Agency(s) Contact Information:

Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Economy
St. Yuri Gagarin no. 15 1000 Skopje Macedonia
Phone: (02) 3134 477
Fax: (02) 3134 477

Website

Organic Regulations and/or Standards

Name(s) of Regulation and/or Standard:

Organic Agricultural Production Law (website in Macedonian)

Date of Implementation: 2004

Regulation and/or Standard Scope:

The Law on Organic Production was adopted in 2004 and it regulates the production, processing, marketing and labeling of organic production. This law is applied to all types of agricultural products intended for human consumption and animal feeding, where methods of organic production are implemented. The Law also provides the basic conditions for inspection and certification of organic agriculture. The reasons for the law are human health protection, biological diversity protection, consumer protection, guarantee of safety, food monitoring and quality.

Pursuant to the law, the following Books of rules were adopted: • Book of rules on organic animal production (OG 60/06), • Book of rules on organic plant production (OG 60/06), • Book of rules on organic products processing (OG 60/06). • Book of rules of the manner, procedure and methodology for providing expert control in organic agriculture production (OG 59/07) • Book of rules on the format, content and the manner of keeping the register of legal persons for performing expert control in organic agriculture production (OG 44/07) • Book of rules on the format, content and color of the label of the organic agriculture products ( OG 64/07).

See the list of laws and ordinances for these documents.

Certification and Accreditation

Certification:

According to the national law on organic agriculture expert control of organic producers, processors and traders is to be conducted by registered inspection bodies. These bodies must have headquarters in the country, employ at least three staff persons and be accredited.  See the list of accredited certifiers.

Accreditation Method:

Government

Accreditation:

State Authority (MAFWE) The Institute for Accreditation is responsible for accrediting the bodies authorized for organic agriculture inspection and certification, as well as inspection and certification of organic products in accordance with the international criteria;

Additional Information

Reference Standards:

The Law is in compliance with the Council Regulation (EEC) No. 2092/91 on organic production of agricultural products and indications referring to agricultural and foodstuffs, and is partially harmonized with the EU legal acts.

Definitions

Definitions

Term

Definition

Health and Wellness

Health and wellness is the aggregation of organic packaged food and beverages, fortified/functional packaged food and beverages, naturally healthy packaged food and beverages, better for you packaged food and beverages and food intolerance products.

Organic packaged foods and beverages

This category includes packaged food & beverages that are certified organic by an approved certification body. Organic production is based on:

• A system of farming that maintains and replenishes soil fertility without the use of toxic and persistent pesticides and fertilizers.
• Organic food & beverages are minimally processed without artificial ingredients, preservatives or irradiation.
• The use of GMOs (Genetically Modified Organism) is prohibited. “Certified Organic” means the item has been grown according to strict uniform standards that are verified by independent state or private organizations.
• Depending on the country, such products are called ‘organic’, ‘biological’ or ‘ecological’: For organic products to be included under Euromonitor definitions, the organic aspect needs to form part of positioning/marketing of the product. This is an aggregation of organic baby food, bakery, confectionery, dairy, ice cream, oils and fats, ready meals, rice, sauces, dressings and condiments, snack bars, soups, spreads, sweet and savory snacks and other organic food.

Note that fresh food products or individual ingredients are not included in this definition.

Compound annual growth rate (CAGR)

The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is the average annual growth rate over a specified period of time. For instance, the CAGR consumption of from 2016 – 2019 will be the average growth rates across these three years.

USDA GATS data clarification

The data presented in table 2.4 represents the dollar values of the top 5 organic commodities as well as of the total organic exports of the trade partner for the period 2016-2019 as per the United States Department of Agriculture’s Global Agricultural Trade System, a database consisting of international agricultural, fish, forest and textile products trade statistics dating from the inception of the Harmonized coding system in 1989 to present.