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Policy Information

Policy Information

Government Agency(s) / Competent Authority

Authorized Government Agency(s):

Unit of Organic Agriculture at the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management (MAFWM)

Agency(s) Contact Information:

Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management (MAFWM)
Unit of Organic Agriculture
Website 

Organic Regulations and/or Standards

Name(s) of Regulation and/or Standard:

Law on Organic Agriculture - Law Nr. 01-1006/2 (web site with downloads, in English)

Date of Implementation: 2004

Regulation and/or Standard Scope:

The Law lays down production of agricultural products in organic agriculture, their processing, labeling, packaging, storing and transportation as well as other issues of relevance for the organic agriculture. A revision is in progress. Products of organic agriculture, in terms of this Law, are products of plant and animal origin obtained by organic agriculture methods, as follows: 1) Unprocessed products of plant and animal origin, 2) Processed plant and livestock products intended for human consumption, i.e., foodstuffs, prepared from one or more components of plant or animal origin, 3) Animal feed and animal feed components.

Imported Products

Imported products must meet prescribed requirements as regards production, processing, storing and transportation.

"The import of certified products from organic agriculture can be granted only from those
producers that meet the requirements prescribed, i.e., that are registered in European Union Member
States and that are under control of the competent organ.
 With an exception from the indent 2 of this Article, the competent organ can allow the import
of products from organic agriculture and other producers when established that regulations, standards,
production, processing, storing, transportation and surveillance that the exporting country applies are
at least equivalent to the regulations of the Republic of Montenegro (hereinafter referred to as: the
Republic) and that at least equivalent consumers’ protection is guaranteed."

Certification and Accreditation

Certification:

The list of authorized legal persons (certifier) is published in the Official Journal of the Republic of Montenegro. The producer can hire a foreign legal person (certifier) for certification of his products with the prior approval of the competent authority. The competent authority is obliged to check whether the foreign competent authority authorized the foreign legal person (certifier) to issue certificates for products of organic agriculture. During 2006, the National Agency for Certification and Control of Organic Produce, Monteorganica, founded by the Ministry for Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management in 2005, issued its first organic certificate in Montenegro.

Accreditation Method:

Non-Government

Accreditation:

The accreditation body of Montenegro: established by the Government of Montenegro as an independent, non-profit institution.

Additional Information

Reference Standards:

Standards written in accordance with EU Regulation 2092/91 (now 834/2007)

Additional Information:

A revision is in progress.

Definitions

Definitions

Term

Definition

Health and Wellness

Health and wellness is the aggregation of organic packaged food and beverages, fortified/functional packaged food and beverages, naturally healthy packaged food and beverages, better for you packaged food and beverages and food intolerance products.

Organic packaged foods and beverages

This category includes packaged food & beverages that are certified organic by an approved certification body. Organic production is based on:

• A system of farming that maintains and replenishes soil fertility without the use of toxic and persistent pesticides and fertilizers.
• Organic food & beverages are minimally processed without artificial ingredients, preservatives or irradiation.
• The use of GMOs (Genetically Modified Organism) is prohibited. “Certified Organic” means the item has been grown according to strict uniform standards that are verified by independent state or private organizations.
• Depending on the country, such products are called ‘organic’, ‘biological’ or ‘ecological’: For organic products to be included under Euromonitor definitions, the organic aspect needs to form part of positioning/marketing of the product. This is an aggregation of organic baby food, bakery, confectionery, dairy, ice cream, oils and fats, ready meals, rice, sauces, dressings and condiments, snack bars, soups, spreads, sweet and savory snacks and other organic food.

Note that fresh food products or individual ingredients are not included in this definition.

Compound annual growth rate (CAGR)

The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is the average annual growth rate over a specified period of time. For instance, the CAGR consumption of from 2016 – 2019 will be the average growth rates across these three years.

USDA GATS data clarification

The data presented in table 2.4 represents the dollar values of the top 5 organic commodities as well as of the total organic exports of the trade partner for the period 2016-2019 as per the United States Department of Agriculture’s Global Agricultural Trade System, a database consisting of international agricultural, fish, forest and textile products trade statistics dating from the inception of the Harmonized coding system in 1989 to present.